One of the common surgical methods used in the treatment of obesity is the Gastric Bypass method. Gastric Bypass is a relatively former type of surgery compared to the other surgical treatments of obesity. Therefore, it can be said that it is the most performed surgical treatment of the obesity worldwide so far. Since it is a permanent and highly effective method, it has been frequently preferred.
The Gastric Bypass method, which allows a small cavity in the stomach to be joined connected to the small intestine, thus ensures that the individual eats less and that the food does not pass into the duodenum. It is an operation performed for “REDUCING THE ABSORPTION FROM THE INTESTRIALS”.
The Health Problems Removed by Gastric Bypass Surgery
Obesity problem can be treated in a very effective way through Gastric Bypass surgery. Several health problems caused by obesity can also be eliminated in this way.
– Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD),
– Heart disease,
– High cholesterol,
– Obstructive sleep apnea,
– Type 2 Diabetes,
How is Stomach Bypass Surgery Performed?
With this application, also called Stomach Bypass, successful results can be obtained in individuals having weight problems, particularly ones with BMI over 50 Kg/m2 and considered obese. Gastric bypass surgery is performed by laparoscopic method, as in the other surgical treatments of obesity. Laparoscopy method is applied through small incisions made in the abdomen. During gastric bypass surgery, an area of 30 ml is left in the upper part of the stomach, and this part is directly joined to the small intestine. In this way, after the food consumed reaches this small stomach area, it passes directly to the small intestine. It is significantly protected from post-operative risks such as wound infection and hernia. In Gastric Bypass operations, robotic surgery is also utilized in several countries and states, besides the laparoscopy method.
After surgery, patients can easily feel satiated by intake of small amounts of food. This situation can even lead to loss of appetite. The amount of food taken will be low compared to the past. Related to the reduced size of the newly formed stomach and reduced food absorption, it is necessary to follow the instructions of the surgeon and dietician for the use of the necessary vitamin and mineral supplements. So, the patient can lose weight without loss of vitamins and minerals.
After Gastric Bypass Surgery
Gastric bypass surgery causes more weight loss when it is compared to the other methods. It has been observed that better results are obtained especially in diabetic patients. Besides, in people with severe reflux disease, it is seen that this condition is generally improved after gastric bypass.
This method has also some disadvantages, such as being one of the most reflective methods of vitamin and mineral deficiency. After sleeve gastrectomy, vitamin and mineral levels are balanced with using supplements for a while and then the drug use is discontinued. In a gastric bypass, on the other, this deficiency which necessitates using supplements and drugs may become necessary lifelong. Another disadvantage of the method is that there is noreduction in the level of Ghrelin hormone in the body. Another problem is the inability to visualize the inside of the stomach by endoscopic imaging, in case of an ulcer or suspicious malignancy in the stomach after the operation.