Gastric Band is one of the surgical methods applied for obesity treatment. Known as the “stomach staple” in public, the gastric band is a silicone band placed just below the part where the esophagus and stomach join. It is placed with the closed surgery, i.e., through small incisions in the abdominal wall of the patient undergoing anesthesia. The pressure of the balloon can be adjusted by inflating it “gradually” via a silicone tube similar to a bicycle tire attached to it. Therefore, it is referred to as an “adjustable gastric band”. The port, or apparatus, for inflation, is inserted into the abdominal wall subcutaneous, and 1 month after the operation, it is inflated by liquid or gel substances. In this way the staple/band begins to function. In short, it gives a feeling of satiety even with an amount of food less than normal because it constricts the stomach.
How Is Gastric Band Surgery Performed?
The duration of gastric band surgery may range from approximately 45 to 90 minutes. The patient is discharged from the hospital within 1-2 days, after the operation. It is not necessary to remove the gastric band after it is attached. The band is attached as if it will not be removed. It can be understood that the method is permanent also from this point. The process, on the other hand, is more painless. Already, the band is preferred by people who desire a permanent solution. By adjusting the gastric band, the eating capacities of the people can also be arranged. The more the band is tightened, the less the person eats. Therefore, weight loss occurs faster. The band adjustment process should definitely be carried out as recommended by the physician.
Gastric band surgery should be performed in obesity cases that could not be solved via medication and diet. It is recommended for patients with a BMI over 35, a mass index over 30, and having diseases such as diabetes and blood pressure. Although the age range of the procedure is accepted as 18-50, this range can be extended in exceptional cases. Gastric band surgery is a reversible surgical procedure, however it may lead to some complications with the occurrence of foreign reaction. Complications such as band slippage, migration, infections of the injection port and connecting tube, enlargement of the gastric pouch and esophagus are among these complications.
The Advantages of Gastric Band Surgery
Excessive weight loss in a very short time in people with obesity,
– Faster recovery compared to other methods,
– Wound infection and hernia, the problems that may occur after surgery, are less likely to be encountered.
– There is not much loss in nutrient absorption,
– In case of weight loss, situations such as improvement in the quality of life are an advantage.
The Risks of Gastric Band Surgery
Allergic reactions, blood loss, infection, heart attack, and stroke may pose a negative situation in terms of anesthesia.
– Weight loss is slower than other types of surgery.
– The slippage of the band and mechanical problems may be encountered.